Category Archives: chloride sources in water

hot ae dressig room

Chloride Found At Levels That Can Harm Aquatic Life In Urban ...
Sep 17, 2009 . Chloride in ground and surface waters comes from many sources including the use and storage of salt for deicing roads, septic systems, .
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090916123513.htm

Basic Information about Vinyl Chloride in Drinking Water | Basic ...
Some people who drink water containing vinyl chloride in excess of the MCL over many . The major sources of vinyl chloride in drinking water are leaching from .
http://water.epa.gov/drink/contaminants/basicinformation/vinyl-chloride.cfm

Chloride in Ground Water and Surface Water in - the Oklahoma ...
sources of chloride in ground water may have in affecting large chloride concentrations at the BUMP surface-water sampling sites. Purpose and Scope .
http://www.deq.state.ok.us/wqdnew/pubs/sir045060.book.pdf

BClark

Sodium and Chloride in Drinking Water - NH.gov
When a salt such as sodium chloride dissolves in water it breaks up into positively- and . sources of sodium when attempting to reduce overall sodium intake.
http://des.nh.gov/organization/commissioner/pip/factsheets/dwgb/documents/dwgb-3-17.pdf

Chloride - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. . The chloride ion, and its salts such as sodium chloride, are very soluble in water.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chloride

Water quality information - Chloride and Sulfate | APEC Water
Chloride is commonly found in streams and wastewater. Chloride may get into surface water from several sources including: • Wastewater from industries and .
http://www.freedrinkingwater.com/water-education2/76-chloride-sulfate.htm

Chloride in Groundwater and Surface Water inAreas ... - USGS
leachate in samples from monitoring wells indicated multiple sources of chloride in samples from wells in urban areas and agricultural areas. Water from shallow .
http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2009/5086/pdf/sir2009-5086.pdf

Chloride in Groundwater and Surface Water in Areas Underlain by ...
Jan 10, 2013 . Chloride in Groundwater and Surface Water in Areas Underlain by the . wells indicated multiple sources of chloride in samples from wells in .
http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2009/5086/

DTaylor

Chloride in Drinking-water - World Health Organization
Air. Exposure to chloride in air has been reported to be negligible (4). Water. Chloride in surface and groundwater from both natural and anthropogenic sources, .
http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/chloride.pdf

Ambient Water Quality Guidelines for Chloride
Apr 24, 2003 . Although chloride can originate from natural sources, most of the chloride . 1 The guidelines apply to an ambient raw water source before it is .
http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wat/wq/BCguidelines/chloride/chloride.html

judith sigmund would love

New chloride sources in water Placements/LRE Review Specialist

KDeKramer - Copy

Karen DeKramer

Chloride - Baltimore Ecosystem Study
When a salt compound dissolves in water, the chloride and sodium ions break apart. . Chloride enters urban streams from several point and non-point sources.
http://www.beslter.org/virtual_tour/Chloride.html

The Sources, Distribution, and Trends of Chloride in the Waters of ...
Illinois are anthropogenic sources of Cl. -. , including road salt runoff, sewage, water conditioning salts, and fertilizer. Chloride concentrations are elevated in .
http://www.isws.illinois.edu/pubdoc/B/ISWSB-74.pdf

  • Chloride [Technical document - Chemical/Physical Parameters]
    The presence of chloride in drinking water sources can be attributed to the dissolution of salt deposits,(Footnote 3) , salting of highways to control ice and snow .
    http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/pubs/water-eau/chloride-chlorure/index-eng.php

  • Chloride
    How Does Chloride Get Into Water? In Canada, chloride in groundwater may be due to a number of natural or human sources. This can include dissolving rock, .
    http://www.saskh2o.ca/PDF-WaterCommittee/chloride.pdf

  • Massachusetts Water Watch Partnership Fact Sheets
    Increases in chloride, either seasonally or over time, can mean that one or more of these sources is affecting the water body.
    http://www.umass.edu/tei/mwwp/factsheets.html

  • Chloride Questions
    Dolomite is composed of calcium magnesium carbonate and is the source of the minerals that make our water hard. The hardness of .
    http://www.madsewer.org/ChlorideQuestions.htm

    Sodium in Whatcom County Water supply
    The most common source of significantly elevated levels of sodium and chloride in well water in Whatcom County is seawater from storm spray, underground .
    http://www.whatcomcounty.us/health/environmental/drinking_water/sodium.jsp

  • Chloride in Western Lake Erie water | Indicators | LLRS | EPA
    This is the result of Lake Erie's shallowness and relatively small water volume, combined with significant urban and industrial areas that are sources of chloride .
    http://www.epa.gov/med/grosseile_site/indicators/chloride.html

  • Virginia Household Water Quality Program: Sodium and Chloride in ...
    Dec 2, 2011 . Higher levels of sodium and chloride in household water, however, often come from manmade sources such as road salt, industrial wastes, .
    http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/442/442-661/442-661.html

CHLORIDE SOURCE REDUCTION - City of Brookfield
To avoid the need for much costlier treatment, chloride discharges must be reduced at their source of pollution. What can I do to help? Soften only the water that .
http://www.ci.brookfield.wi.us/DocumentView.aspx?DID=1770

Guidelines for drinking-water quality - World Health Organization
(WHO/SDE/WSH/03.04/84). 12.22 Chloride. Chloride in drinking-water originates from natural sources, sewage and industrial effluents, urban runoff containing .
http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/chemicals/chloridesum.pdf

Identification of the Different Sources of Chlorides in Streams ... - JStor
and change of chloride concentration with stream discharge. Emphasis is placed on the identification of anthropogenic sources of chloride to aid in water .
http://www.jstor.org/stable/25045322

dept photo card_2-p001

top salary paid for veterinary

TIMELINES!

  1. #22 Sodium Chloride in PDWW - CT.gov
    Sodium and chloride occur naturally in groundwater. However, sources such as road salt storage and application, industrial wastes, sewage, fertilizers, water .
    http://www.ct.gov/dph/lib/dph/environmental_health/pdf/22_Sodium_Chloride_in_PDWW.pdf

    • Chloride - Government of Nova Scotia
      Chloride (Cl-) is a negative ion of the element chlorine (Cl) and is widely distributed in the environment. It is present in water, soil, rock, and many foods. Sources .
      http://www.gov.ns.ca/nse/water/docs/droponwaterFAQ_Chloride.pdf

    • Chloride and Fluoride in Minnesota's Ground Water
      concentrations in ground water, it is not discussed in this fact sheet. What are sources of chloride and fluoride in ground water? The primary source of chloride is .
      http://www.pca.state.mn.us/index.php/view-document.html?gid=6309

    • Chloride and salinity - [EnvirSci Inquiry] Lehigh River Watershed ...
      Water pollution may be the cause of chloride found in areas where it does not naturally occur. Some sources may be from rock salt (NaCl) runoff. Other sources .
      http://www.ei.lehigh.edu/envirosci/watershed/wq/wqbackground/chloridebg.html

    Sodium and Chloride Contamination - Water-Research.net
    1. SOURCE IDENTIFICATION OF SODIUM AND CHLORIDE CONTAMINATION IN. NATURAL WATERS: PRELIMINARY RESULTS. S.V. Panno, K.C. Hackley, .
    http://www.water-research.net/Waterlibrary/privatewell/nacl.pdf

    Water Quality Standards Review: Chloride, Sulfate and Total ...
    Feb 9, 2009 . Chloride is one of the major anions commonly found in ambient and wastewater. Chloride may get into surface water from several sources .
    http://www.iowadnr.gov/portals/idnr/uploads/water/standards/ws_review.pdf

  2. Ground Water is a Chronic Source of Chloride to Surface Water of ...
    Ground Water is a Chronic Source of Chloride to Surface Water of an Urban Stream Exposed to Road Salt in a Chesapeake Bay Watershed. Authors: Mayer, P.
    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006AGUSM.B24A..06M

    Chloride - Canadian Environmental Quality Guidelines - CCME
    Dec 1, 2001 . levels of chloride in surface waters does not necessarily imply an anthropogenic source (although chloride is often used as an indicator of .
    http://ceqg-rcqe.ccme.ca/download/en/337/

REMINDERS!

  1. Vinyl Chloride in Groundwater Fact Sheet
    People may begin to taste vinyl chloride in water at 3,400 parts per billion (ppb). . This level also can be used as a guideline for private drinking water sources.
    http://www.idph.state.il.us/envhealth/factsheets/vinyl-chloride.htm

    Chloride Measurement with Ion Selective Electrodes - Hach Hydromet
    effective tracer for pollution from chemicals moving from man-made sources into natural water bodies, or for salt water intrusion. Applications of chloride ion .
    http://www.hachhydromet.com/web/ott_hach.nsf/web_count_downloads?ReadForm&mediendb=/web/ott_hach.nsf/&medienid=DA904A67DC37C090C125766B002A74EB&file=Technical_White_Paper_Chloride.pdf&dtyp=1

KUDOS!

Determination of Fluoride and Chloride Contents in Drinking Water ...
different sources of water but with higher concentrations in groundwater due to the . Bosnia and Herzegovina, and chloride in drinking tap water from Tuzla and .
http://www.intechopen.com/download/pdf/22739

Anita Nielsen

Anita Nielsen

School Psychologist of the Year:

    Changes to Chloride Criteria in Missouri's Water Quality Standards
    Sources of chloride in surface water: o Industrial and municipal wastewater o Effluent wastewater from water softening o Road salting o Agricultural runoff .
    http://www.showmeboone.com/stormwater/documents/Bill%20Whipps-Cl%20standards_B.Whipps_MoDNR.pdf

Fulvia Franco

Fulvia Franco

Distinguished Service Award:

Chloride in Water | School Science Fair Water 101 by Dr. Gordon ...
Mar 15, 2013 . Physical Water Quality . Considerably more important sources are associated with . Chloride is present in all natural waters, but mostly the .
http://sciencefairwater.com/chemical-water-quality-parameters/primary-anions-and-cations/chloride/

mid-winter home educators conference

Summary of Sodium and Chloride Fact Sheet What are sodium and ...
Other sources of sodium and chloride include: • Ion exchange units – a type of home water softening treatment system. • Road salt storage and application .
http://www.uri.edu/ce/wq/has/PDFs/Sodium%20and%20chloride%20sum.pdf

IDENTIFICATION OF NITRATE AND CHLORIDE SOURCES ...
IDENTIFICATION OF NITRATE AND CHLORIDE SOURCES AFFECTING. MUNICIPAL WELL WATERS OF THE CITY OF McPHERSON, KANSAS .
http://www.kgs.ku.edu/Hydro/Publications/2005/OFR05_34/OFR2005_34b.pdf

Bingham High School

  • Variations of Bromide in Potable Ground Water in the United States
    sources found in ground water is in the form of the simple negative monovalent ion, bromide. (2) The most common ratios of chloride/bromide in potable ground .
    http://info.ngwa.org/gwol/pdf/042979905.pdf

  • Sodium and Chloride - EAI Analytical
    Every water supply contains some sodium and chloride. . restricted diet should evaluate all possible sources of sodium when attempting to reduce overall .
    http://www.eai-labs.com/assets/docs/sodium_chloride_in_water.pdf

  • CHLORIDE, WATER SOLUBLE
    Laboratory testing for Water Soluble Chloride 16887-00-6. . EPA 26A, Hydrogen Chloride by IC in Acid Medium in Emissions from Stationary Sources Isokinetic .
    http://www.caslab.com/Chloride_Water-Soluble.php5

  • USGS OFR 2006-1309: Sources of High-Chloride Water to Wells ...
    Jan 12, 2013 . USGS:This report summarizes the computation of a discharge time-series in a tidally affected area as a two-step process in the .
    http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2006/1309/

  • Chloride as an Indicator of Non-point Source Contaminant Migration ...
    Potential non-point sources of water qual- ity degradation were reported to be septic systems, cattle grazing and wildlife. Chloride is a tracer of sewage and .
    http://www.cawq.ca/cgi-bin/journal/pdf_view.cgi?language=english&article=324

  • KY Water Quality Chloride Information
    Public drinking water standards require chloride levels not to exceed 250 mg/l. Chlorides may get into surface water from several sources including: .
    http://www.state.ky.us/nrepc/water/wcpcl.htm

Copper Hills High School

Healthy Drinking Waters for Rhode Islanders - University of Rhode ...
Sodium and chloride occur naturally in groundwater. However, sources such as road salt storage and application, industrial wastes, sewage, fertilizers, water .
http://www.uri.edu/ce/wq/has/PDFs/Sodium%20Chloride.pdf

Uses of Chloride/Bromide Ratios in Studies - New Mexico Tech ...
as illustrated by case studies investigating sources of salinity in ground water from Alberta, Kansas, . secondary additions of salts from chloride-rich sources.
http://riogrande.nmt.edu/outside/courses/hyd558/downloads/Set_20_Cl-Br/Davis1998.pdf

Susan Denney, R.N.

sources of elevated chloride in local streams - Cary Institute of ...
Dustin Kincaid (2006) – Sources of Elevated Chloride in Local Streams. Institute of Ecosystem Studies. 3 asked to confirm that there was not a water softener .
http://www.caryinstitute.org/reprints/Kincaid_2006_REU.pdf

Vinyl Chloride in Drinking-water - World Health Organization
Migration of vinyl chloride monomer from uPVC is a possible source of vinyl chloride in drinking-water. In one study, vinyl chloride (2.5 µg/litre of drinking- water) .
http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/chemicals/vinylchloride.pdf

Sources of Sodium and Chloride in the Scituate Reservoir Drainage ...
Sep 1, 2005 . Sources of Sodium and Chloride in the Scituate Reservoir Drainage Basin, Rhode Island. Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4149 .
http://pubs.usgs.gov/wri/wri024149/introduction.htm

Speaking of Nurses!

An Assessment of the Nitrate and Chloride in the West Bank ...
6.4.2 The Temporal Distribution of Chloride Concentration Across the West Bank. . Figure 11: Association between lack of improved sources of drinking water .
http://www.alazhar.edu.ps/arabic/centers/IWE/Researches/GazaPaper-new/129119.pdf

What Brands of Bottled Water Contain Chloride And Fluoride ...
Bottled Water With Chloride. Dasani bottled water, developed by Coca-Cola in 1999, draws its water from local sources and it is disinfected with ultraviolet light.
http://www.ehow.co.uk/list_7488960_brands-water-contain-chloride-fluoride.html

JEA chloride sources in water Task Force Committee

1C. Groundwater Quality - Chloride - King County
mg/L. Chloride data from 90 locations. (55 public water sources and 35 long- term monitoring sites) was accessed and the maximum result values from 1990 to .
http://your.kingcounty.gov/dnrp/library/water-and-land/groundwater/VMI-GWPC/SI-2012/SI1c-GW-Cl-2012.pdf

  • Analysis of Chloride, Sodium and Potassium in Groundwater ...
    Sodium and chloride occur naturally in groundwater. However, sources such as road salt storage and application, industrial wastes, sewage, fertilizers, water .
    http://pelagiaresearchlibrary.com/european-journal-of-experimental-biology/vol1-iss1/EJEB-2011-1-1-174-182.pdf

  • Typical Contaminants And Problems - Alabama Cooperative ...
    Sources Of Sodium Chloride. Sodium chloride is a very common substance found virtually everywhere. It can enter drinking water through both natural and .
    http://www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/A/ANR-0790/WQ2.3.10.pdf

  • TBA – Elementary Schools/Traditional and Clusters
  • LACSD Website - FAQs - Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County
    What is chloride? Why is chloride a concern? What are the sources of chloride in wastewater? How do water softeners add chloride to wastewater? What is the .
    http://www.lacsd.org/aboutus/categoryqna.asp?id=35

  • VINYL CHLORIDE - Delaware Health and Social Services
    source of exposure. Remove and discard any clothing that contacted vinyl chloride. Flush eyes with clean water for at least 15 minutes. For skin contact with .
    http://dhss.delaware.gov/dph/files/vinylchlfaq.pdf

TC-40D Tax Exemption Form for a Dependent with a Disability

Chloride (PDF) - Pennsylvania Department of Environmental ...
May 19, 2010 . Commonwealth, but rather only at the point of water supply intake, pursuant to 25 Pa. . The major anthropogenic sources of chloride include .
http://files.dep.state.pa.us/PublicParticipation/Public%20Participation%20Center/PubPartCenterPortalFiles/Environmental%20Quality%20Board/2012/EQB%20-%20April%2017,%202012/Triennial%20Review/07%20TR13_Rationale-Chloride_Criteria.pdf

Revised Draft Staff Report - State Water Resources Control Board ...
The sources of the chloride which are loaded into the SCR are primarily chloride contained in the imported source water and chloride added by domestic uses, .
http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb4/board_decisions/basin_plan_amendments/technical_documents/69_New/2008_1203/Revised_Draft_Staff_Report.pdf

Free 24-Hour Crisis Support

Revising Criteria for Chloride, Sulfate and Total Dissolved Solids
Chloride is a major ion commonly found in streams and wastewater. Chloride may get into surface water from several sources, including: • Wastewater from .
http://www.iowadnr.gov/portals/idnr/uploads/water/standards/ws_fact.pdf

albrecht von der lancken

BER-RS-013A Investigation and Remediation of Salt (Chloride)
brine, salt, and chloride may be used interchangeably. This policy addresses primarily point source salt contamination of soil and ground water. Accumulation of .
http://www.kdheks.gov/ber/policies/BER_RS_013A.pdf

Fiscal Impact Statement Notice of Intended Action TDS, Chloride ...
country to reduce chloride and sulfate levels in wastewater effluent is to utilize an array of source reduction options, primarily associated with water softening.
http://www.iowadnr.gov/portals/idnr/uploads/water/standards/tds_fis.pdf

Chloride Removal from Wastewater by Biosorption with the Plant ...
Apte et al. 1.2 Environmental Levels and Human. Exposure: Water: Chloride in surface and groundwater from both natural and anthropogenic sources, such as .
http://www.environmentaljournal.org/1-4/ujert-1-4-4.pdf

Chloride | India Water Portal
Jan 16, 2013 . This collection of environmental maps shows the details of following minerals present in water: fluoride, chloride, iron, nitrate and salinity in .
http://www.indiawaterportal.org/taxonomy/3/Chloride


Jordan Child Development Center

Use of Bromide: Chloride Ratios to Differentiate Potential Sources of ...
Feb 1, 1997 . Use of Bromide: Chloride Ratios to Differentiate Potential Sources of Chloride in a Shallow, Unconfined Aquifer Affected by Brackish-Water .
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs100400050104

Chloride information page. All about chloride and the role it plays in ...
Chloride is formed when chlorine gas dissolves in water but is also a dietary . Other interesting points; Food sources; Chloride is found in the following Zest for .
http://www.anyvitamins.com/chloride-info.htm

Chloride and Salinity - Vernier Software & Technology
in fact, these ions are often lower in concentration than hard-water ions such calcium (Ca. 2+. ) and bicarbonate (HCO3. –. ). Because. Sources of Chloride Ions .
http://www2.vernier.com/sample_labs/WQV-15-COMP-chloride_salinity.pdf

Chloride: The Forgotten Essential Mineral - Elete
Chloride is a highly important, vital mineral required for both human and . Sources of chloride and sulfate in ground water beneath an urbanized area .
http://eletewater.com/uploads/elpdf/chloride_meletis.pdf

Sources of High-Chloride Water to Wells, Eastern San ... - USGS
High-chloride water from delta surface water, delta sediments, saline aquifers that underlie freshwater aquifers, and irrigation return are possible sources of .
http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2006/1309/pdf/ofr2006-1309.pdf

Vinyl chloride - Water Filter Comparisons
Understand what Vinyl chloride is, how it can affect your drinking water, and how to filter it . Sources, Leaching from PVC pipes; discharge from plastic factories .
http://www.waterfiltercomparisons.com/vinyl-chloride-water-contaminants/

Chloride - Halides | OSU Chemistry REEL Program
Nov 1, 2011 . Common halides found in natural water sources include fluoride, chloride, and bromide. Halides exist in natural water sources, such as rivers, .
https://research.chemistry.ohio-state.edu/reel/research-modules/environmental-chemistry/chemistry-221-h221/significance-of-analytes-water/halides/

Uses of chloride/bromide ratios in studies of potable water
Mar 16, 2013 . In natural ground water systems, both chlorine and bromine occur primarily as monovalent anions, chloride and bromide. Although dissolution .
http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70020688

Chloride in Ground Water and Surface Water in the Vicinity of ...
Jan 10, 2013 . Chloride in Ground Water and Surface Water in the Vicinity of Selected Surface- Water Sampling Sites of the . Possible sources of chloride .
http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2004/5060/

Industrial Chloride Reduction Guidance Document - Sanitation ...
The Districts have recently completed an extensive study of chloride sources in the . that present in the water supply, or about 5% of the added chloride loading.
http://www.lacsd.org/civica/filebank/blobdload.asp?BlobID=2475

USGS Arkansas Water Projects: Analysis of Chloride Data in the ...
Jan 9, 2013 . Use of water with high chloride concentration for irrigation can damage . aquifer in southeastern Arkansas from as many sources as possible.
http://ar.water.usgs.gov/PROJECTS/ChlorideStudy.html

Ryan Brown
Interpreter

WHO | Chemical hazards in drinking-water - chloride
Chloride is considered in the WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality. . for health: managing the quality of drinking-water sources (in preparation); Managing .
http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/chemicals/chloride/

National Synthesis on Potential Sources, Fate and Transport ... - USGS
The Chloride (Cl) ion is receiving increasing attention as population growth makes . The Cl ion is ubiquitous in natural waters, has a wide variety of sources, .
http://webdmamrl.er.usgs.gov/g1/FHWA/Cl.htm

Addressing Chloride Impairments in a Stormwater Pollution ...
when a water body is impaired and not meeting its designated use. What is chloride and what are sources in stormwater? Chloride is a salt, or common anion, .
http://www.pca.state.mn.us/index.php?option=com_jumi&fileid=1&function=search&srctype=1&display=download&file=wq-strm7-05.pdf

Using Fluoride/Chloride (F/Cl) Ratios to Evaluate Water Sources ...
Jan 7, 2013 . USGS Aqueous Geochemistry and Development project - Method Development - Using Fluoride/Chloride (F/Cl) Ratios to Evaluate Water .
http://crustal.usgs.gov/projects/aqueous_geochemistry/F_Cl_tracers.html

Virginia Household Water Quality Program: Sodium and Chloride in ...
of sodium and chloride in household water, however, often come from manmade sources such as road salt, industrial wastes, sewage, fertilizers, or water soften- .
http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/442/442-661/442-661_pdf.pdf