Category Archives: mutations of haplogroup c mtdan

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Mitochondrial DNA and the Peopling of the New World » American ...
These haplotypes possess two mutations that appear in all haplogroup C and D mtDNAs, but they lack other characteristic markers of these two mtDNA lineages .
http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/issue.aspx?id=772&y=0&no=&content=true&page=3&css=..

How Do I Interpret My mtDNA Results
These results can be used to estimate the customer's mtDNA Haplogroup and roughly . The last two mutations, 309.1C and 315.1C are both fairly common and .
http://www.dnaancestry.ae/how-do-I-interpret-my-mtDNA-results.php

Family Tree DNA - mtDNA Amerind Founder Haplogroup Project
The purpose of the mtDNA Amerind Founder Haplogroup Project will be to . Haplogroup C bears the C16223T mutation since it is also the polymorphism used .
http://www.familytreedna.com/public/AmerindFoundermtDNA/

BClark

mtDNA Haplogroup Mutations
Click on an mtDNA Haplogroup to view the mutations required for that Haplogroup. A. B4'5. C. D. F. G. H. HV. HV1. HV2. I. J. K. L0. L0a. L0a1. L0a2. L0d. L0f. L1 .
http://www.familytreedna.com/mtDNA-Haplogroup-Mutations.aspx

mtDNA
Oct 15, 2009 . A mtDNA Sequence Analyser program Click here - An introduction . mtDNA Mutation Computer Model Click Here . Haplogroup 'C' Click here .
http://www.ianlogan.co.uk/mtdna.htm

Haplogroup C mtDNA in Caucasoids does not necessarily indicate
Sep 6, 2011 . Douglas Wallace and others have been arguing for years that patterns of mutations in some mtDNA lineages (including haplogroup C) indicate .
http://racehist.blogspot.com/2011/09/haplogroup-c-mtdna-in-caucasoids-does.html

MtDNA haplogroup projects - ISOGG Wiki
Feb 20, 2013 . mtDNA haplogroup C project Administrator: Ruth Gonzalez . mtDNA haplogroup H and HV project Administrator: Peter Fischer and Nelly Hymen . FTDNA's list of mtDNA haplogroup-defining mutations · mtDNA Community A .
http://www.isogg.org/wiki/MtDNA_haplogroup_projects

Haplogroup C (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Defining mutations, 489 10400 14783 15043 . Haplogroup C is one of five mtDNA haplogroups found in the indigenous peoples of the Americas, the others .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_C_(mtDNA)

The tRNAMet 4435A>G mutation in the mitochondrial haplogroup ...
Jun 22, 2011 . In contrast, the 4435A>G mutation occurred among mtDNA haplogroups B5a, D, M7a2 and J. The adenine (A37) at this position of tRNA(Met) is .
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21694735

DTaylor

European mtDNA haplogroups with defining mutations - Eupedia
List of European mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups and subclades with their defining mutations. Human Mitochondrial DNA is composed of 16569 base .
http://www.eupedia.com/europe/european_mtdna_haplogroups.shtml

Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Back mutation in mtDNA haplogroup C
Dec 28, 2005 . Back mutation in mtDNA haplogroup C. Am J Hum Biol. 2005 Dec 25;18(1):59-65 [Epub ahead of print] A revertant of the major founder Native .
http://dienekes.blogspot.com/2005/12/back-mutation-in-mtdna-haplogroup-c.html

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New mutations of haplogroup c mtdan Placements/LRE Review Specialist

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Karen DeKramer

Mid-Holocene arrival of mtDNA haplogroups C and - Polishgenes Blog
Dec 22, 2010 . Mid-Holocene arrival of mtDNA haplogroups C and D in Europe . of the entire genome, and 9.2±4.74 when only synonymous mutations are .
http://polishgenes.blogspot.com/2010/12/mid-holocene-arrival-of-mtdna.html

An evolutionary perspective on pathogenic mtDNA mutations ...
Oct 1, 2004 . An evolutionary perspective on pathogenic mtDNA mutations: haplogroup associations of clinical disorders. Herrnstadt C, Howell N. MitoKor .
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16120433

  • mtDNA Haplogroup Specific Control Region Mutation Motifs
    *For each mtDNA haplogroup, 73, 263, 315.1 and insertions in the HV2 poly-C stretch were ignored; all mutations are transitions unless exact nucleotide is .
    http://mtmanager.yonsei.ac.kr/help/MutationMotifs.pdf

  • Origin and Post-Glacial Dispersal of Mitochondrial DNA ...
    Dec 21, 2010 . Complete mtDNA phylogenetic tree of haplogroup C. . Values of mutation rates based on mtDNA complete genome variability data (one .
    http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0015214

  • The Meaning of Your Mutations - Index of
    Aug 29, 2009 . 2002 May;70(5):1152-71. Herrnstadt C, Howell N. An evolutionary perspective on pathogenic mtDNA mutations: haplogroup associations .
    http://dnacousins.vizachero.com/Sample_mtDNA_report_K1b1a1.pdf

  • Analysis of a Haplotype
    ARE MTDNA MUTATIONS RANDOM OR CHRONOLOGICAL? ANALYSIS OF THE HVR MUTATIONS IN A HAPLOTYPE OF HAPLOGROUP K . up with a haplotype as above, but with two additional mutations 524.5C and 524.6A for a total of .
    http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~wrhurst/mtdna-k/k16048aanalysis.htm

  • DNA Haplogroups
    Haplogroup C: emerged from CT, via CF, and is defined by mutations M130 and M216. . The latest "build" of the human mtDNA tree can be obtained from the .
    http://essayweb.net/biology/haplogroups.shtml

  • mtDNA Haplogroups
    Below are some of the Haplogroups for mtDNA: A, B, C, D, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, L1, L2, L3, T, U, V, X. Each mtDNA Haplogroup originated in a different geographic .
    http://www.kknfa.org/mtdna_Haplogroups.htm

Part 3, How does it work? - Learning Center :: Genebase Tutorials
Next, we will focus on #2 “Ancestral Tracking”, and show you the science behind how the mutations in your mtDNA are used to determine your haplogroup “deep .
http://www.genebase.com/learning/article/19

mtDNA haplogroup of L. David Roper
mtDNA haplogroup of L. David Roper, All His Female-Line .
http://www.roperld.com/mtdna.htm

The mtDNA and its role in ancestry: Part 2, What are ... - Genebase
DNA consists of two chains of nucleotides, designated A, C, T, and G. “A” is always . When you test your mtDNA, your results report will document the mutations . For example, a mtDNA Haplogroup Backbone SNP Test Panel will examine all .
http://www.genebase.com/learning/article/18

Reduced-Median-Network Analysis of Complete Mitochondrial DNA ...
However, this mtDNA does not carry any of the C–E or G haplogroup-specific . 2 ; unbroken lines) by the assumption that the 15301 A?G mutation occurred in .
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC447592/

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TIMELINES!

  1. Haplogroup CZ (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Haplogroup CZ. Possible time of origin. Possible place of origin. Ancestor, M8. Descendants, C, Z. Defining mutations, 249d .
    http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_CZ_(mtDNA)

    Understanding mtDNA | WorldFamilies.net
    Occasionally, the mtDNA Haplogroup can not be predicted from the mtDNA result . . not part of the 'coding region') and have the fastest rate of change, or mutation , of any region in mtDNA. . A, B, C, D, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, L1, L2, L3, T, U, V, X .
    http://www.worldfamilies.net/understand_mtdna

    • mtDNA Control-Region Position 524 in Haplogroup K - Journal of ...
      other haplogroups. Finally, areas for further research concerning these variants and other mtDNA mutations were presented. Introduction. This study began as .
      http://www.jogg.info/32/hurst.pdf

    • haplogroup X - PBS
      Count up the mutations and - knowing the rate at which they would have occurred . Scientists categorize mtDNA into a number of so-called haplogroups, based on . they found that about 97 percent had mtDNA from haplogroups A, B, C or D.
      http://www.pbs.org/saf/1406/features/dna2.htm

    • Population Genetics and Disease Susceptibility: Characterization of ...
      We conclude that certain European mtDNA haplogroups define a genetic . The different levels of mutation clusters are not correlated with specific genetic distances. . Only two pairs of control subjects belonging to haplogroup DC ( subjects .
      http://hmg.oxfordjournals.org/content/6/11/1835.long

    Haplogroup M (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Descendants, M1, M2, M3, M4'45, M5, M6, M7, M8, M9, M10'42, M12'G, M13, . All mtDNA haplogroups considered native outside of Africa are descendants of . be conclusively determined is whether the mutations that define haplogroups M .
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_M_(mtDNA)

  2. Family Tree DNA - mtDNA Haplogroup K (Katrine's Clan) Website
    Results for K Project members who tested as mtDNA haplogroup K with other . mutations: 497T, 523.1C, 523.2A, 523.3C, 523.4A (in FTDNA format: 524.1C, .
    http://www.familytreedna.com/public/mtdna_k/default.aspx?section=results

    Haplogroup X (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Defining mutations, 73, 7028, 11719, 12705, 14766, 16189, 16223, 16278 . Unlike the four main Native American mtDNA haplogroups (A, B, C, D), and the .
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_X_(mtDNA)

REMINDERS!

  1. mtDNA Community :: Human mtDNA Phylogeny
    Human mtDNA Phylogeny. MtDNA . Click on any haplogroup to display more information. . 44.1C, T204C, C11257T, C16214T, C16234T, T16249C. L1c1a1a .
    http://www.mtdnacommunity.org/human-mtdna-phylogeny.aspx

    Mitochondrial DNA haplogroups in early-onset Alzheimer's disease
    The m.8344A>G mutation was detected by RFLP using BglI [28]. MtDNA haplogroups (H, V, U, K, J, T, I, W, X) were determined by RFLP of polymorphic sites as .
    http://www.molecularneurodegeneration.com/content/5/1/8

KUDOS!

H (mtDNA)
For people who have tested and are assigned the maternal haplogroup H or who are . Mande Lali? (Klari?i?) (c.1690 - d.) . Coding mutation 1438 . Daughters of Eve, Bryan Sykes named the originator of this mtDNA haplogroup Helena.
http://www.geni.com/projects/H-mtDNA

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Anita Nielsen

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    PLOS ONE: The Phylogeny of the Four Pan-American MtDNA ...
    These were initially named A, B, C and D, and are now termed A2, B2, C1 and D1 [8]. Afterwards . Basal tree encompassing the roots of Native American mtDNA haplogroups. . Mutations back to the rCRS nucleotide are prefixed with @.
    http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0001764

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Fulvia Franco

Distinguished Service Award:

The Structure of Diversity within New World Mitochondrial DNA ...
Defined by a T?C mutation at np 16261 (Malhi 2001), this subclade comprises 82% of haplogroup B mtDNA in North America. The high values of ?S for .
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC379119/

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Do you belong to the U5 mtDNA Haplogroup
The mutations can be used to help define one's mtDNA haplogroup (e.g., U5) and in . and is thought to be an unstable nucleotide that often mutates back to "C ", .
http://www.brian-hamman.com/DoYouBelongToTheU5mtDNAHaplogroup.htm

Phillips DNA Project mtDNA Results Chart
Updated 01/17/2011. Kit Number, Maternal Ancestor Name, Haplogroup, HVR1 Mutations, HVR2 Mutations. mtDNA Haplogroup B . mtDNA Haplogroup C .
http://phillipsdnaproject.com/results/mtdna-chart

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  • Analysis of mtDNA in patients with occipital stroke using the ...
    Phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial DNA: Detection of mutations in patients with . stroke using the phylogenetic network for the mtDNA haplogroup UK (IV) . had suffered an occipital stroke and harboured 12308A>G. Ten of these patients .
    http://herkules.oulu.fi/isbn9514255674/html/x1019.html

  • Mitochondrial DNA variability in Poles and Russians - ResearchGate
    to haplogroup C (k13259HincII, j13262AluI),. D (k5176AluI), E . Table 1. Parallel mutations detected in the mtDNA HVS I in Poles and Russians. Position .
    http://www.researchgate.net/publication/11046976_Mitochondrial_DNA_variability_in_Poles_and_Russians/file/79e415089bd2ac81bf.pdf

  • Increasing mtDNA Discrimination for Common Haplotypes ...
    Caucasian mtDNA Haplogroups. (HV1/HV2) . associated with mtDNA mutations . 263 A-G. 315.1 C. Haplogroup V. (Reversion at 16298 C). 14 types. 13 SNPs .
    http://www.cstl.nist.gov/strbase/pub_pres/CobleTaiwan_mtDNAcodingregion.pdf

  • Haplogroup K (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Defining mutations, 3480 10550 11299 14798 16224 16311 . It is the most common subclade of haplogroup U8, and it has an estimated age of c. . Overall mtDNA Haplogroup K is found in about 6% of the population of Europe and the Near .
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_K_(mtDNA)

  • Haplogroup L2 (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup L2 is a human mitochondrial DNA . This subclade is characterised by mutations at 2789, 7175, 7274, 7771, 11914 . a b c d e f Salas, Antonio et al., The Making of the African mtDNA Landscape, .
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_L2_(mtDNA)

  • mtDNA - Haplogroup H1
    mtDNA Haplogroup H1. . National Geographic Geneographic mtDNA H . C, T, and G representing the four nucleotides—the chemical building blocks of . After one of these mutations occurs in a particular woman, she then passes it on to .
    http://www.oldthingsforgotten.com/dna/mtdna.htm

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  • Haplogroup HV (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Defining mutation C/T at location 16298 in segment I one of the hypervariable segment . Evolutionary tree of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups .
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_HV_(mtDNA)

  • Family Tree DNA - X mtDNA Haplogroup
    The mtDNA Haplogroup X Project was opened in May, 2006 as a resource for those wishing to . It is characterized by a HVR mutations at 200 and 16213. . America is they migrated from central Asia along with the A,B,C, and D Haplogroups.
    http://www.familytreedna.com/public/x

  • Haplogroup G (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Defining mutations, 709, 4833, 5108 . Haplogroup G is one of the most common mtDNA haplogroups among modern Japanese and Ainu people (as well as .
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_G_(mtDNA)

  • Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup X among Native North Americans.
    These two mutations are characteristic of haplogroup X which might be of . these exhibited the CR mutations commonly associated with haplogroup X, C --> T .
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10516561

  • Human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup - Wikipedia, the free ...
    Correction: In the map above, mtDNA macrohaplogroup N should be depicted . be noted that haplogroups are arbitrary categories defined by mutations, which .
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_mitochondrial_DNA_haplogroup

Haplogroup D (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Defining mutations, 4883 5178A 16362. In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup D is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. . haplogroups found in the indigenous peoples of the Americas, the others being A , B, C, and X.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_D_(mtDNA)

Family Tree DNA - mtDNA Haplogroup T - Full Mitochondrial ...
Kit Number, Maternal Ancestor Name, Haplogroup, HVR1 Mutations, HVR2 . C146T, C152T, C195T, A214R, A247G, 522.1A, 522.2C, 309.1C, 315.1C. E15967 .
http://www.familytreedna.com/public/T_FGS/default.aspx?section=mtresults

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Haplogroup R (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Defining mutations, 12705, 16223 . About 89% of Europeans are of mtDNA macro-haplogroup R. . a b c d e Quintana-Murci, Lluís et al. (2004). "Where West .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_R_(mtDNA)

Haplogroup N (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
All mtDNA haplogroups found outside of Africa are descendants of either haplogroup N . However, whether or not the mutations which define haplogroup N itself first . a b c Soares, Pedro; Ermini, Luca; Thomson, Noel; Mormina, Maru; Rito, .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_N_(mtDNA)

Phylogenetic analysis of mtDNA haplogroup TJ in a Finnish ...
An association between mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations 11778G>A and 14484T>C and mtDNA haplogroup J suggests that this haplogroup harbors .
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11281414

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Family Tree DNA - MtDNA Haplogroup I Project
Kit Number, Maternal Ancestor Name, Haplogroup, HVR1 Mutations, HVR2 . N29862, Mary Ann UNKNOWN, c.1793 - after 1880, I, T16187C, C16189T, .
http://www.familytreedna.com/public/mtDNA%20I/default.aspx?section=mtresults

Origin and Diffusion of mtDNA Haplogroup X
The uniparental inheritance and complete linkage of mutations in these two loci allow an . Phylogenetic clustering of mtDNA haplogroups has been found to be . for haplogroups C and D (0.835 and 0.943, respectively) in the same region.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1180497/

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Haplogroup H (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Defining mutations, A2706A, C7028C . Haplogroup H is the most common mtDNA haplogroup in Europe. . H1 and H3 have been subject to a more detailed study and would be associated to the Magdalenian expansion from SW Europe c.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_H_(mtDNA)

  • to download and print the mtDNA Haplogroup ... - Genebase
    Genebase mtDNA Haplogroup Reference Guide. (April 2008, V2.6) . N1a. N1b N9a. Z. C. M. M1. Q. G. E. D. L1b. L1c. L2a. L2b. L2c. L2d. L4. L0. L1. L2. L5 . mtDNA results report and circle all of the mutations that you have. This will help you .
    http://www.genebase.com/doc/mtdnaHaplogroupTree_Ref.pdf

  • mtDNA Haplogroup H - Genebase
    mtDNA Haplogroup H is one of the most dominant family groups in Europe. The ads . Location of SNP, Mutation, Haplogroup H Subclade . 2259, C>T, H13 .
    http://www.genebase.com/learning/article/20

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  • PLOS ONE: Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Variation and ...
    In this study, we analyzed the mtDNA sequence variations and haplogroup . The presence of mutation m.14484T>C in these patients was confirmed at the .
    http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0013426

  • User Manual HaploGrep
    After the “Find haplogroups” button was presse . va application for determination of mtDNA haplogroups. these are . c. global private mutation: mutation neve .
    http://haplogrep.uibk.ac.at/website/files/UserManual-HaploGrep.pdf

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Haplogroup H5 (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup H5 is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) . years old, in other words the mutation T4336C probably occurred c.
http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_H5_(mtDNA)

Family Tree DNA - FamilyTree mtDNA Haplogroup W and N2a Project
Kit Number, Maternal Ancestor Name, Haplogroup, HVR1 Mutations, HVR2 . C146T, C152T, A189G, C195T, T199C, A247G, 522.1A, 522.2C, 309.1C, 315.1C .
http://www.familytreedna.com/public/haplogroupw/default.aspx?section=mtresults

Family Tree DNA - Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroup U5
Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroup U5 - mtDNA Test Results for Members. Kit Number, Maternal Ancestor Name, Haplogroup, HVR1 Mutations, HVR2 Mutations . C146T, C152T, C195T, A247G, G499A, 522.1A, 522.2C, 309.1C, 309.2C, 315.1C .
http://www.familytreedna.com/public/u5b/default.aspx?section=mtresults

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Understanding Results: mtDNA - Frequently Asked Questions
Dec 12, 2012 . Haplogroup - Your root mtDNA haplogroup, i.e., your maternal line's . Haplogroup M is considered a macro-haplogroup because it includes the haplogroups D, C, E, G, . Insertions and deletions are types of DNA mutations.
http://www.familytreedna.com/faq/answers/default.aspx?faqid=10

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A Signal, from Human mtDNA, of Postglacial Recolonization in Europe
All mtDNAs with this mutation were then screened for a number of diagnostic . with control-region motifs of haplogroups other than V—for example, C, T, U5, .
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1226069/

Clinical Expression of Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy Is Affected ...
Although the majority of individuals with LHON inherit mutated mtDNA only from their mother . and the 14484T?C mutations should be increased on a haplogroup J . The mtDNA-haplogroup distribution for each mtDNA LHON mutation is .
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1950812/

mtDNA - Family Tree DNA
Dec 12, 2012 . Haplogroup - Your root mtDNA haplogroup, i.e., your maternal line's . Haplogroup M is considered a macro-haplogroup because it includes the haplogroups D, C, E, G, . Insertions and deletions are types of DNA mutations.
http://www.familytreedna.com/faq/answers.aspx?id=10

The Molecular Dissection of mtDNA Haplogroup H Confirms That ...
Among the mtDNA haplogroups of Europe, haplogroup H displays two unique . primer 2988FOR (5?-cgatgttggatcaggacatctc), whereas the 6776 mutation was .
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1182122/


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List of haplogroups of historical and famous figures - Wikipedia, the ...
mtDNA Haplogroup H (16111T, 16357C, 263G, 315.1C): Empress . found in Louis XVI, while another locus shows an allele that is just one mutation step apart .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_haplogroups_of_historical_and_famous_figures

Family Tree DNA - Armenian DNA Project
The 2006 mtDNA Human Migration Map prepared by Family Tree DNA shows . The haplogroup G mutation developed about 21,000 to 14,000 years ago.
http://www.familytreedna.com/public/armeniadnaproject/default.aspx?section=news

Mitochondrial DNA haplogroups and mutations in children with ...
Feb 2, 2011 . Mitochondrial DNA haplogroups and mutations in children with acquired central . O'Mahony J, Ursell E, Fairbrother C, Kennedy J, Hamilton J, Irwin S, . OBJECTIVE: We investigated mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants in .
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21288980

European mtDNA haplogroups frequencies by country - Eupedia
Here is a list of defining mutations for European mtDNA haplogroups. . and HV, but also occasionally a few African (L) or Asian haplogroups (A, B, C, D, M, Z).
http://www.eupedia.com/europe/european_mtdna_haplogroups_frequency.shtml

Haplogroup A (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Defining mutations, 152, 235, 523-524d, 663, 1736, 4248, 4824, 8794, 16290, 16319 . Haplogroup A is believed to have arisen in Asia some 30,000-50,000 years . in the indigenous peoples of the Americas, the others being B, C, D, and X.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_A_(mtDNA)

Family Tree DNA - X mtDNA Haplogroup
X mtDNA Haplogroup - mtDNA Test Results for Members . A215G, T246C, A247G, C295T, T319C, T489C, G513A, 522.1A, 522.2C, 309.1C, 309.2C, 315.1C .
http://www.familytreedna.com/public/x/default.aspx?section=mtresults

AJHG - A Highly Unstable Recent Mutation in Human mtDNA
Jan 10, 2013 . An A-to-G transition at position 16247 in the human mtDNA genome denotes haplogroup B4a1a1a and its sublineages. Informally known as .
http://www.cell.com/AJHG/abstract/S0002-9297(12)00638-6

Haplogroup M30 (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The mtDNA Haplogroup Specific Control Region Mutation Motifs [1]; ^ a b c d Thangaraj, Kumarasamy; Chaubey, Gyaneshwer; Singh, Vijay; Vanniarajan, .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_M30_(mtDNA)

Mutation Rate Switch inside Eurasian Mitochondrial Haplogroups ...
Jun 28, 2011 . Maternal transmission, a high mutation rate, and the absence of . Herrnstadt C (2004) African Haplogroup L mtDNA sequences show .
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0021543

The Presence of Mitochondrial Haplogroup X in Altaians from South ...
. has unambiguously identified four major founding mtDNA haplogroups (A, B, C , D), . 1981) and differed from each other by length-polymorphism mutations at .
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1226041/

Haplogroup U (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Defining mutations, 11467, 12308, 12372 . Haplogroup U descends from a woman in the Haplogroup R (mtDNA) . U5a1a2 arose around 10000 years ago and has polymorphisms in 573.1C (deletion) 12346( + U5a1a polymorphisms).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_U_(mtDNA)

The Genetic Origin of the Nations (No. 265)
If a result shows no mutations at all it means that the mtDNA matches the CRS. . The majority of the Aborignal Haplogroup C, however, is in fact C4 and is .
http://www.ccg.org/English/S/p265.html

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Prevalence and clinical features of the mitochondrial m. 1555A> G ...
OBJECTIVE: The m.1555A>G mutation in the mitochondria 12S rRNA gene has . various haplogroups demonstrated different penetrance, mtDNA background .
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17485982

The tRNAMet 4435A>G mutation in the mitochondrial haplogroup ...
In contrast, the 4435A>G mutation occurred among mtDNA haplogroups B5a, D, M7a2 and J. The adenine (A37) at this position of tRNAMet is extraordinarily .
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3198143/

Haplogroup T (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Defining mutations, G709A, G1888A, A4917G, G8697A, T10463C, G13368A, . In human population genetics, mitochondrial (mtDNA) haplogroups define the major . Hartmann, A; Thieme, M; Nanduri, LK; Stempfl, T; Moehle, C; Kivisild, T; .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_T_(mtDNA)

Haplogroup J (mtDNA) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Further mutations took place in the J line which can be identified as J1a1 (27,000 . a b c d e Piia Serk, Human Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroup J in Europe and .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_J_(mtDNA)

Paradoxes in longevity: sequence analysis of mtDNA haplogroup J ...
Rose G, Passarino G, Carrieri G, Altomare K, Greco V, Bertolini S, Bonafè M, . Previous studies have shown that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup J . find possible functional mutations associated with haplogroup J in successful aging.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11571560